Purpose of review
The management of pediatric glaucoma poses a unique challenge in terms of maintaining lifelong vision and combating an aggressive scarring response from surgery. Contemporary literature regarding the surgical management of children
with pediatric glaucoma who fail, or are at a high risk of failure, from conventional surgery is limited. The aim of this review is to highlight recent developments in relation to the current opinion regarding the management of children
with refractory pediatric glaucoma.
Some studies have reported impressive success rates with circumferential trabeculotomy, even in eyes with previous failed surgery. Early results of deep sclerectomy in populations which may not respond well to conventional angle surgery are encouraging but data is limited for the pediatric age group. In compliant patients in whom multiple postoperative examinations under anesthesia are possible, trabeculectomy remains an effective procedure. Multiple recent studies have demonstrated that glaucoma drainage device (GDD) surgery is associated with 5-year success rates of over 70% in primary childhood glaucomas.
Glaucoma drainage device surgery is likely to remain a mainstay of surgical management for refractory glaucoma
in older children
. More prospective data are needed on the success of circumferential trabeculotomy, deep sclerectomy and micropulse laser in pediatric eyes with previous failed surgery.