Ocular manifestations of bartonellosisMabra, Dawna; Yeh, Stevenb; Shantha, Jessica G.bCurrent Opinion in Ophthalmology: November 2018 - Volume 29 - Issue 6 - p 582–587 doi: 10.1097/ICU.0000000000000522 OCULAR MANIFESTATIONS OF SYSTEMIC DISEASE: Edited by John A. Gonzales Abstract Author InformationAuthors Article MetricsMetrics Purpose of review To review the systemic and ocular complications of Bartonella spp. infections specifically cat scratch disease, encompassing epidemiology, laboratory diagnostics, ophthalmic imagining, and treatment. Recent findings Recent studies have shown that ocular manifestations occur in approximately 4.4% of cat scratch disease patients. The annual prevalence is lower than previously reported to be approximately 12 500 cases annually. Mainstay treatment continues to be oral antibiotics with and without corticosteroids and is dependent on associated systemic manifestations, age, and patient immune status. More recently anti-VEGF agents have been used for complications such as cystoid macular edema and choroidal neovascularization. Summary Bartonella spp. infections continue to be a common cause uveitis with ophthalmic manifestations ranging from neuroretinits, vascular occlusions, to choroidal granulomas. Review of associated risk factors including contact with feline reservoirs will aid in recognition and diagnosis of this disease entity. Laboratory diagnostics continue to improve to help with the diagnosis of this entity. aMorehouse School of Medicine bEmory Eye Center, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA Correspondence to Jessica G. Shantha, MD, Emory Eye Center, Emory University School of Medicine, 1365B Clifton Rd. NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. Tel: +1 404 778 5816; e-mail: email@example.com Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.