Purpose of review
Laser vision correction remains an active area of research, and there have been many recent advances in the field. The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the recent advances for one of the most common methods of laser vision correction, wavefront-guided laser in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK).
Recent technological advancements in wavefront aberrometry are largely responsible for the improved visual outcomes that have been recently reported. In addition, improvements in femtosecond and excimer laser technology, used in flap creation and corneal ablation, have been shown to provide superior results when compared to microkeratomes and earlier lasers. Wavefront-guided LASIK appears to have advantages over some other keratorefractive modalities in terms of visual acuity, predictability, astigmatism correction, and subjective visual symptoms. Nonetheless, there may be some limitations in highly aberrated corneas, and also in biomechanical stability relative to other available platforms.
Improvements in wavefront aberrometry, and also femtosecond and excimer lasers, have continued to improve our ability to correct refractive errors. Wavefront-guided LASIK remains a well tolerated and effective keratorefractive procedure, with a trend toward superiority. Nonetheless, further studies comparing this modality to others are needed to define the role each can serve.