Micro-invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) is gaining favor with both comprehensive ophthalmologists and glaucoma specialists due in part to its improved safety profile when compared to traditional incisional glaucoma surgery. Despite a micro-invasive approach and minimal induced tissue trauma, each MIGS procedure is associated with unique complications. The present article summarizes evidence from the 2016 to 2017 review period regarding the safety profiles of Schlemm's canal-based, suprachoroidal, and subconjunctival microstents.
Ab-interno microstents are subject to intraoperative malpositioning, which can result in luminal obstruction and decreased efficacy. Acutely elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) has been observed with the iStent (Glaukos Corp., Laguna Hills, CA, USA; 2–4.3%), Hydrus Microstent (Ivantis Inc., Irvine, CA, USA; 6%), Cypass Microstent (Alcon, Fort Worth, TX, USA; 3–10.8%), and Xen Gel Stent (Allergan Plc, Dublin, Ireland; 21.5%). Meanwhile, most cases of hypotony (IOP < 6 mmHg) occurred within the first postoperative month, resolved with conservative treatment and without further surgical intervention, and were not associated with vision-threatening sequelae.
Interest in MIGS continues to grow as these procedures allow surgeons to intervene earlier in the disease course for patients with milder stages of glaucoma. Complications associated with MIGS, albeit infrequent and mostly transient, do occur despite a less invasive approach than trabeculectomy and tube shunt surgery.
Department of Ophthalmology, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai and Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA
Correspondence to Eunmee Yook, MD 310 East 14th Street Suite 603 South, New York, NY 10003. Tel: +832 436 3273; fax: +212 979 4268; e-mail: email@example.com