OCULAR GENETICS: Edited by Alex V. LevinPractical approach to syndromic pediatric retinal dystrophiesSadagopan, Karthikeyan A.a,b,c Author Information aSenior Consultant and International Faculty, Pediatric Ophthalmology & Ocular Genetics, C-MER (Shenzhen) Dennis Lam Eye Hospital, Shenzhen, China bDepartment of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus, Aravind Eye Hospital, Anna Nagar, Madurai, India cLumbini Eye Institute, Shree Rana Ambika Shah Eye Hospital, Rupandehi, Bhairahawa, Nepal Correspondence to Karthikeyan A. Sadagopan, DNB, FRCS, Senior Consultant and International Faculty, Pediatric Ophthalmology, Strabismus and Ocular Genetics, C-MER (Shenzhen) Dennis Lam Eye Hospital, 1–2/F, Shengtang Building, No. 1 Tairan Ninth Road, Chegongmiao, Futian District, Shenzhen (Intersection of Binhe Road and 9th Tairan Road, Xiasha Station), Shenzhen, China. Tel: +86 13544090764; fax: +86 0755 3290 5633; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Ophthalmology: September 2017 - Volume 28 - Issue 5 - p 416-429 doi: 10.1097/ICU.0000000000000404 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review The purpose of this review is to outline those systemic disorders that are associated with pediatric retinal dystrophy, summarize important retinal, and nonretinal clues that aid in syndromic diagnosis, provide an approach for ophthalmic and systematic systemic examination, describe the important systemic findings seen in pediatric syndromic retinal dystrophies and highlight the role of genetic testing. Recent findings With profound advances being made in the field of molecular genetics, a definitive molecular etiology is increasingly being made even in rare and unusual forms of retinal dystrophies. Early recognition and precise diagnosis of a syndromic association has major clinical implications. It not only ensures early and holistic care to the child but also provides an opportunity for the parents in better understanding the nature and course of the disorder. It greatly aids in genetic counseling. Summary Many syndromic retinal dystrophies may present initially to the ophthalmologist long before they present to the pediatrician with systemic symptoms. The intent of this article is to act as a resource in assisting the ophthalmologist to arrive at an early systemic diagnosis. Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.