CATARACT SURGERY AND LENS IMPLANTATION: Edited by Natalie A. AfshariUpdate on congenital cataract surgery managementLim, Maria E.; Buckley, Edward G.; Prakalapakorn, S. GraceAuthor Information Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA Correspondence to S. Grace. Prakalapakorn, MD, MPH, Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology and Pediatrics, Duke Eye Center, 2351 Erwin Rd, DUMC 3802, Durham, NC 27710, USA. Tel: +1 919 684 4584; fax: +1 919 684 6096; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Ophthalmology: January 2017 - Volume 28 - Issue 1 - p 87-92 doi: 10.1097/ICU.0000000000000324 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review The basic procedure of pediatric cataract surgery has not dramatically changed over the past few years. Recent multicenter study results along with technological innovations, however, have increased our understanding and armamentarium of techniques and devices used to improve outcomes. Recent findings We review surgical techniques that have been recently applied to the management of pediatric cataracts and describe newer intraocular lenses that have become available for use in the pediatric population. The 5-year results of the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study, including visual outcomes and complications, as well as other studies comparing intraocular lens implants with contact lenses for infants have shaped our management of congenital cataract. We also discuss how ocular imaging with optical coherence tomography has enhanced our understanding of the microstructural effects on pediatric eyes after cataract surgery and touch on other future innovations. Summary We review updates in the management of congenital cataract, which remains a major cause of preventable childhood blindness. Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.