To summarize general concepts of ocular ischemic syndrome (OIS), and present current scientific developments in delineating the pathogenesis and treatment of this disorder.
Recent studies suggest that OIS is associated with a significant risk of cerebrovascular, ocular, and systemic morbidity.
OIS is a serious blinding condition that occurs in the setting of carotid artery occlusion. Restoration of arterial perfusion and early diagnosis are critical for preserving visual function and reducing the risk of devastating ocular complications.
aHarvard University, Faculty of Arts & Sciences, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
bDuke University Eye Center, USA
cDivision of Neurology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
Correspondence to Faisal Khan, MD, Neurodiagnostic and Sleep Center, Gulf Coast Medical Center, 10119 US 59 Road, Wharton, TX 77488-7224, USA e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org