Pregnancy is often associated with ocular changes, most often transient in nature, though occasionally permanent. It can be associated with development of new conditions, or can exacerbate pre-existing conditions. The ocular effects of pregnancy may be divided into physiologic changes, pathologic conditions or modifications of pre-existing conditions. Pathologic conditions include entities such as pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, along with conditions that are seen with increased frequency during pregnancy such as central serous retinopathy. The most significant modified pre-existing condition is diabetes mellitus. The various effects of pregnancy on the eye will be reviewed in this article.
* Eye Institute, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA; † Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.
Correspondence to William F. Mieler, MD, Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org