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Ocular complications of pregnancy

Sheth, Bhavna P. MD*; Mieler, William F. MD

Current Opinion in Ophthalmology: December 2001 - Volume 12 - Issue 6 - p 455-463
Ocular manifestations of systemic disease
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Pregnancy is often associated with ocular changes, most often transient in nature, though occasionally permanent. It can be associated with development of new conditions, or can exacerbate pre-existing conditions. The ocular effects of pregnancy may be divided into physiologic changes, pathologic conditions or modifications of pre-existing conditions. Pathologic conditions include entities such as pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, along with conditions that are seen with increased frequency during pregnancy such as central serous retinopathy. The most significant modified pre-existing condition is diabetes mellitus. The various effects of pregnancy on the eye will be reviewed in this article.

* Eye Institute, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA; Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.

Correspondence to William F. Mieler, MD, Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA; e-mail: wmieler@bcm.tmc.edu

© 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.