Purpose of review
Research and innovation over the past half century have rendered testicular cancer a highly curable malignancy. Challenges and uncertainty remain in several aspects related to the management and surveillance of patients with germ cell tumors (GCT). Long-term effects of treatment on survivors of testicular cancer remain as continued areas of interest. This review aims to highlight pearls and perils in the management of patients with GCT.
Uncertainty remain regarding complex aspects of first-line and salvage treatments of GCT, interpretation of tumor markers in cases of α-fetoprotein levels less than 25 ng/ml, plateau of β-human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels in patients with initial hCG greater than 50 000 mIU/ml, supportive therapies throughout chemotherapy regimens, and long-term survivorship of patients who underwent surgery or received platinum-based chemotherapy. This review aims to highlight challenges that remain in GCT, review the emerging data in these areas, and provide our institutional opinion on the management in several aspects of GCT.
Testicular cancer continues to present challenging clinical scenarios with respect to treatment, surveillance, and long-term management of patients. We review the data and share our institutional knowledge in several challenging areas related to the management of GCT.