Purpose of review
Surgery represents the only curative approach for resectable gastric cancer. However, rates of recurrence remain high. This review summarizes the state of the art and future perspectives regarding perioperative, neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy for localized gastric cancer with insights regarding precision medicine.
Perioperative chemotherapy with FLOT has significantly improved outcomes for non-Asian patients with resectable gastric cancer, removing the role for anthracyclines. Preliminary results demonstrate that the perioperative approach is an option for Asian patients; however, long-term outcomes are awaited. For adjuvant treatment in Asian gastric cancer patients, S-1 as well as docetaxel may be a new treatment option. In this context, the right selection of patients is crucial. Among several biomarkers, microsatellite instability/mismatch repair deficiency has been linked with a lack of benefit from chemotherapy as well as better prognosis.
Multimodality treatment represents the standard of care for resectable gastric cancer. Perioperative chemotherapy with FLOT is the standard treatment in western countries; in patients who are not suitable for triplet, a platinum-fluoropyrimidine doublet can be considered. In Asian countries, adjuvant chemotherapy based on fluoropyrimidine monotherapy or in association with oxaliplatin/docetaxel are options. Validation of prognostic and predictive biomarkers is needed in order to improve patient selection.