Melanoma and other skin neoplasms: Edited by Lynn M. SchuchterIndoor ultraviolet tanning and skin cancer: health risks and opportunitiesSchulman, Joshua M; Fisher, David E Author Information Department of Dermatology, Cutaneous Biology Research Center, and Melanoma Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA Correspondence to David E. Fisher, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, Thier 204, Boston, MA 02114, USA Tel: +1 617 643 5428; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Oncology 21(2):p 144-149, March 2009. | DOI: 10.1097/CCO.0b013e3283252fc5 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Skin cancer incidence is higher than that of any other human malignancy, and yet one of its root causes [ultraviolet (UV) radiation] is perhaps better understood than any other human carcinogen. The roles of UV radiation exposure and indoor tanning behaviors on skin cancer risk are explored here. Recent findings Studies from the past several years have shown a significant association between ever-use of an indoor tanning facility and an increased risk of basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma. The association between indoor tanning and skin cancer is particularly strong among those who first used a tanning facility in early adulthood. Elevated vitamin D levels have been suggested to protect against various internal malignancies and other disease states, but sources of vitamin D that do not require UV exposure are easily available. Summary Although additional research is needed to understand fully the relationship between UV and skin cancer, it is already clear that indoor tanning bed use represents an avoidable risk factor for melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer – both of which may be lethal. Acting upon this information provides a unique opportunity for protecting the public health. © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.