Update in HIV lymphomaNoy, ArielaCurrent Opinion in Oncology: September 2006 - Volume 18 - Issue 5 - p 449–455 doi: 10.1097/01.cco.0000239883.23839.ac Cancer in AIDS Buy Abstract Author InformationAuthors Article MetricsMetrics Purpose of review Despite the control of HIV infection in industrialized nations, individuals infected with HIV remain at increased risk of malignancies. Lymphoma is the most common HIV-associated malignancy in these countries. This review summarizes progress from January 2005 to March 2006. Recent findings Investigators continue to demonstrate that HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma remains a significant problem, even in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. The majority of work has been in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, with infusional therapy remaining promising, and rituximab an area of investigation. The latter improves complete response rates, but is associated with an increased incidence of infections. Biological insights have been gained into the spectrum of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease, and include further work on virological co-infections. Summary The outcome for individuals infected with HIV and developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease continues to improve as insights into the pathophysiology and treatment advance. Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, USA Correspondence to Ariela Noy, MD, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA Tel: +1 212 639 7423; fax: +1 646 422 2284; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.