Obesity and reproduction : Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Obesity and reproduction

Armstrong, Abigail; Berger, Marisa; Al-Safi, Zain

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Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology 34(4):p 184-189, August 2022. | DOI: 10.1097/GCO.0000000000000794


Purpose of review 

The objective of this review is to highlight the recent literature on how obesity affects reproductive capacity in men and women.

Recent findings 

The relationship between fertility and obesity is complex and involves the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis, neuroendocrine systems and adipose tissue. The exact pathophysiology of how obesity lowers fertility rates is unknown, but is likely multifactorial involving anovulation, insulin resistance and alterations in gonadotropins. In addition, there is controversy on whether oocyte quality or endometrial receptivity plays a larger role in obese infertile women. Data on effects of bariatric surgery and weight loss on obese infertile men and women are mixed.


Obesity alters the hormonal profile, gonadotropin secretion, embryo development and in-vitro fertilization outcomes in both men and women.

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