REPRODUCTIVE ENDOCRINOLOGY: Edited by Ruben AlveroObesity and reproductionArmstrong, Abigail; Berger, Marisa; Al-Safi, Zain Author Information Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA Correspondence to Abigail Armstrong, 757 Westwood Plaza Suite 220, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA. Tel: +1 949 233 8262; E-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology 34(4):p 184-189, August 2022. | DOI: 10.1097/GCO.0000000000000794 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review The objective of this review is to highlight the recent literature on how obesity affects reproductive capacity in men and women. Recent findings The relationship between fertility and obesity is complex and involves the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis, neuroendocrine systems and adipose tissue. The exact pathophysiology of how obesity lowers fertility rates is unknown, but is likely multifactorial involving anovulation, insulin resistance and alterations in gonadotropins. In addition, there is controversy on whether oocyte quality or endometrial receptivity plays a larger role in obese infertile women. Data on effects of bariatric surgery and weight loss on obese infertile men and women are mixed. Summary Obesity alters the hormonal profile, gonadotropin secretion, embryo development and in-vitro fertilization outcomes in both men and women. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.