Purpose of review
Caesarean sections are the most commonly performed procedure globally. Simulation-based training for caesarean sections can provide healthcare practitioners a safe and controlled environment to develop this life-saving skill. We systematically reviewed the use of simulation-based training for caesarean section and its effectiveness. Embase, Pubmed, Scopus and Web of Science were searched from inception to June 2019, without language restriction, for studies that included methods of simulation for caesarean section. Studies were selected and data extracted in duplicate. Synthesis analysed common themes on simulation-based training strategies.
There were 19 relevant studies including the following simulation-based methods: simulators (high and low fidelity), scenario-based drills training, e-learning and combinations. A common theme was simulation for rare events such as perimortem caesarean, impacted foetal head and uterine rupture. Combination studies appeared to provide a more comprehensive training experience. Studies rarely adequately assessed the educational or clinical effectiveness of the simulation methods.
There are different types of simulator models and manikins available for caesarean section training. Simulation-based training may improve technical skills and nontechnical skills, in a risk-free environment. More research is needed into simulation training effectiveness and its efficient incorporation into practice for improving outcomes.