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How does stress, depression and anxiety affect patients undergoing treatment?

Boivin, Jacky

Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology: June 2019 - Volume 31 - Issue 3 - p 195–199
doi: 10.1097/GCO.0000000000000539
FERTILITY, IVF AND REPRODUCTIVE GENETICS: Edited by Emre Seli and Juan A. García Velasco
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Purpose of review To review latest findings about the impact of fertility care on emotional distress and effect of distress on treatment outcome.

Recent findings Treatment failure and long agonist protocols are associated with increased emotional distress during treatment. Screening tools can be used to identify men and women at risk of emotional maladjustment at the start of fertility treatment and people unlikely to need emotional support during or after treatment. There are inconclusive results about the association between emotional distress and outcome of fertility treatment. Systematic review of studies evaluating the effect of psychological and educational interventions on anxiety, depression and live birth (or ongoing pregnancy) are uninformative because of clinical heterogeneity and risk of bias.

Summary ART is emotionally demanding, patients that adapt more poorly can be identified in advance. Fertility staff should follow good practice guidelines to provide patients with support during treatment.

Cardiff Fertility Studies Research Group, School of Psychology, College of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom

Correspondence to Jacky Boivin, Cardiff Fertility Studies Research Group, School of Psychology, College of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Cardiff University, 70 Park Place, Cardiff, Wales CF10 3AT, United Kingdom. Tel: +44 2920 875 289; e-mail: boivin@cardiff.ac.uk

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