Purpose of review
The purpose of this review is to examine current sexual health education technologies for adolescents and identify gaps in knowledge. Disparities in sexual health education are prominent and mainly affect young women of color. As a result, the use of technology to reach these marginalized populations could potentially invoke change. Thus, it is crucial to determine the viability of technology as a mechanism to bridge the knowledge gap regarding sexual health for adolescents that are most at risk of sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancies.
With a lack of standardized, evidenced-based sexual health education programs in the United States, the future of comprehensive sexual health education is moving toward smartphone apps. Many sexual health technologies exist that target adolescents, most of which have been proven to demonstrate positive effects. Use of mobile apps, especially for vulnerable populations, can be more effective because of privacy and widespread dissemination.
Ultimately, more research needs to be conducted to determine the most effective content for these sexual health apps. Additionally, more research should be conducted on effective sexual health apps for marginalized populations to determine whether technology is a viable solution.