Leveraging DNA repair deficiency in gynecologic oncologyWalsh, Christine S.; Hodeib, MelissaCurrent Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology: February 2016 - Volume 28 - Issue 1 - p 24–31 doi: 10.1097/GCO.0000000000000236 GYNECOLOGIC CANCER: Edited by Gottfried E. Konecny Buy Abstract Author InformationAuthors Article MetricsMetrics Purpose of review The review discusses DNA repair deficiencies in ovarian cancer and how this has become the target for poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibition as a successful therapeutic strategy. Recent findings Hereditary ovarian cancers arise from germline mutations in BRCA1, BRCA2, or other important genes in the DNA repair process of homologous recombination. Sporadic ovarian cancers can also acquire a phenotype of homologous recombination deficiency through various other mechanisms. Recent studies have found the class of drugs called PARP inhibitors to selectively target ovarian cancers with homologous recombination deficiency. There are eight PARP inhibitors in various phases of clinical development with four being actively studied in phase III trials in ovarian cancer. In December 2014, the first-in-human PARP inhibitor olaparib was approved for ovarian cancer patients with two different clinical indications in Europe and the United States. Summary Ovarian cancer has become a model for the successful translation of targeted therapy against DNA repair deficiencies in cancer. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA Correspondence to Christine S. Walsh, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Blvd, Suite 160W, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA. Tel: +1 310 423 3599; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Copyright © 2016 YEAR Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.