The main purpose of this review is to collect the most recent evidence with regards to safety and effectiveness of the nonsurgical and minimally invasive treatment options for uterine fibroids.
Among the nonsurgical options, uterine artery embolization (UAE), and in eligible patients, magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) are emerging as effective alternatives to surgical options for treatment of symptomatic fibroids. MRgFUS is comparable to UAE, and appears to be a cost effective treatment option, especially in older women, although long-term data are awaited. The transvaginal route for radiofrequency ablation is a promising new nonsurgical alternative, which needs to be studied in larger trials to establish its safety and efficacy.
The laparoscopic myomectomy results in less postoperative pain, reduced febrile morbidity, and shorter hospital stay when compared with open laparotomy. The newer robotic approach is comparable to traditional laparoscopic technique in short surgical outcomes but is associated with higher costs. Hysteroscopic myoma resection is an effective surgical intervention for submucous fibroids and prior misoprostol use can help in reducing cervical lacerations.
UAE and MRgFUS can be offered as an alternative nonsurgical option for eligible women with symptomatic fibroids. Laparoscopic myomectomy remains a safe and effective surgical option with advantage of less postoperative pain and faster recovery compared with open laparotomy for women who wish to retain their fertility options.
aBansal Hospital, Shahpura, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
bReproductive Medicine Unit, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
Correspondence to Priya B. Chittawar, Bansal Hospital, Shahpura, Bhopal 462013, Madhya Pradesh, India. Tel: +918109002618; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org