ADOLESCENT AND PEDIATRIC GYNECOLOGY: Edited by Paula J. Adams HillardDermoid cysts in adolescentsMultani, Jasmine; Kives, SariAuthor Information University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Correspondence to Sari Kives, MD, FRCSC, University of Toronto, Hospital for Sick Kids, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, M5G 1X8, Canada. Tel: +1 416 813 6188; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology: October 2015 - Volume 27 - Issue 5 - p 315-319 doi: 10.1097/GCO.0000000000000206 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Dermoid ovarian cysts, or mature cystic teratomas, are the most common benign ovarian neoplasms found in adolescents and they continue to challenge clinicians about correct management and treatment. Recent findings Laparoscopic treatment for large cysts is usually the preferred method with ovarian preservation. Cyst rupture and recurrence still remain potential risks of this surgical approach. Torsion can occur frequently in the population and when it occurs, fertility-sparing treatment should be attempted. Summary Physicians should understand the major controversies surrounding management of dermoid cysts and the importance of preserving future fertility. Copyright © 2015 YEAR Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.