MINIMALLY INVASIVE GYNECOLOGIC PROCEDURES: Edited by Colin J. DavisPreoperative assessment and diagnosis of endometriosis are we any closer?Hirsch, Martina,b; Davis, Colin J.bAuthor Information aCentre for Reproductive Medicine, St Bartholomew's Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust bWomen's Health Research Unit, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Whitechapel, London, UK Correspondence to Dr Martin Hirsch, Women's Health Research Unit, Bart's and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Yvonne Carter Building, 58 Turner Street, Whitechapel, London, E1 2AB, UK. Tel: +44 7763838460; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Website (www.co-obgyn.com). Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology: August 2015 - Volume 27 - Issue 4 - p 284-290 doi: 10.1097/GCO.0000000000000188 Buy SDC Metrics Abstract Purpose of review The management of endometriosis has progressed vastly with medical treatments providing a large role in controlling endometriosis symptoms. Despite these advances we still lack an accurate noninvasive test to diagnose endometriosis. This has a large role in the delay to diagnosis, management and progression of the disease amongst a population that is choosing to conceive later. Recent findings Endometriosis is now thought to affect 1 in 10 women with patient annual healthcare costs estimated at €9579. The diagnosis of this disease is still delayed by an average of 6–9 years allowing disease and symptom progression. Researchers have assessed a wide variety of noninvasive markers from urinary derivatives to MRI. There has been limited success in producing a highly sensitive and specific preoperative test for endometriosis. Novel markers such as miRNA provide the most encouraging diagnostic accuracy. Summary The development of a noninvasive accurate marker for endometriosis is a research target and priority of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. The current markers in use have moderate sensitivity and sensitivity. The inflammatory basis for the disease underpins many biomarkers but also many other concomitant diseases reducing accuracy and increasing false positive results. Video abstract http://links.lww.com/COOG/A26 Copyright © 2015 YEAR Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.