Purpose of review
The development of robotic technology has facilitated the application of minimally invasive techniques for complex operations in gynecologic oncology. The objective of this article is to review the published literature regarding robotic surgery and its application to gynecologic cancer.
To date, 20 articles addressing radical hysterectomy, six articles of radical trachelectomy, seven articles of surgical procedure in advanced or recurrent cervical cancer, 14 articles of endometrial cancer staging, and two articles solely on ovarian cancer all performed robotically are published in the literature. The majority of publications on robotic surgery are still retrospective or descriptive in nature. However, the data for gynecologic cancer show comparable results of robotic surgery compared with laparoscopy or laparotomy in terms of blood loss, length of hospital stay, and complications.
Computer-enhanced technology with its associated benefits appears to facilitate the surgical approach for technically challenging operations performed to treat selected cases of cervical, endometrial, and ovarian cancer as evidenced by the current literature. Continued research and clinical trials are needed to further elucidate the equivalence or superiority of robot-assisted surgery to conventional methods in terms of oncologic outcome and patients’ quality of life.