Gynecologic oncology and pathologyDiet and environmental carcinogenesis in breast/gynaecological cancersBosetti, Cristinaa; Altieri, Andreaa; La Vecchia, Carloa,bAuthor Information aIstituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche‘Mario Negri’, Milan, Italy; and bIstituto di Statistica Medica e Biometria, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy. Correspondence to Dr Cristina Bosetti, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche 'Mario Negri', Via Eritrea 62, 20157 Milan, Italy. Tel: +30 02 3901 4526; fax: +39 02 3320 0231; e-mail: email@example.com Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology: February 2002 - Volume 14 - Issue 1 - p 13-18 Buy SDC Abstract This paper reports on recent advances on the relation between diet, other environmental factors and breast and gynaecological cancers. Despite considerable research the issue remains still unsettled. The protective effect of a diet rich in vegetables and fruit, and thus selected (antioxidant) micronutrients, is not consistently reported in various studies. The possible relationship between fats and breast and female genital tract neoplasms also remains unconfirmed, while the potential benefits of physical activity remains unquantified. Alcohol appears to be related to the risk of breast cancer and overweight is associated with post-menopausal breast cancer and is strongly related to the risk of endometrial cancer. © 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.