Neuromuscular diseases: nerveTreatment of painful neuropathyCruccu, GiorgioAuthor Information EFNS Panel Neuropathic Pain, Department of Neurological Sciences, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy Correspondence to Professor G. Cruccu, Dip. Scienze Neurologiche, viale Università 30, 00185 Roma, Italy Tel: +39 06 49694209; fax: +39 06 49914758; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Current Opinion in Neurology: October 2007 - Volume 20 - Issue 5 - p 531-535 doi: 10.1097/WCO.0b013e328285dfd6 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review With the aging of the population, treatment of painful neuropathies is becoming more and more important for neurological practice. This short review highlights recent findings and current problems. Recent findings In addition to tricyclic antidepressants and gabapentin, the reliability of which is established, some drugs have more recently been demonstrated to be efficacious: major and minor opioids, pregabalin, and serotonin–noradrenaline-reuptake inhibitors. In contrast, some other drugs have yielded disappointing results: memantine, mexiletine, topiramate, and – very recently – lamotrigine. Three main questions are currently being debated. Notwithstanding their proven efficacy, should opioids be used in chronic noncancer pain? In which patients should serotonin-noradrenaline-reuptake inhibitors be preferred to tricyclic antidepressants? What is the difference between pregabalin and gabapentin? The whole field suffers from important limitations that make evidence-based medical data hard to translate in clinical practice: most clinical trials were and still are focused on two conditions only (diabetic neuropathy and postherpetic neuralgia) and studies on polytherapy are insufficient. Summary A large variety of drugs are being tried in the treatment of painful neuropathy. Neurologists now have a wide choice. Recent publications can help in choosing the best treatment course. © 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.