EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PREVENTION: Edited by Navdeep TangriScreening for chronic kidney disease moving toward more sustainable health careCurtis, Saraha; Komenda, Paula , bAuthor Information aChronic Disease Innovation Centre, Seven Oaks Hospital bMax Rady Department of Medicine and Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada Correspondence to Paul Komenda, Chronic Disease Innovation Centre, Seven Oaks Hospital, 2300 McPhillips St, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R2V 3M3. Tel: +1 204 631 3048; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension: May 2020 - Volume 29 - Issue 3 - p 333-338 doi: 10.1097/MNH.0000000000000597 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a pervasive and growing health concern that has a significant impact on mortality and morbidity, putting stress on global healthcare systems. CKD affects ∼14% of general populations and ∼36% of high-risk populations and is projected to rise in the coming decade due to increasing rates of diabetes and hypertension. Recent findings Screen, triage, and treat programs aim to detect early stage disease with the intention of promoting medical and lifestyle interventions in line with a patient's level of risk that may slow disease progression and reduce morbidity and mortality. Early detection facilitates appropriate risk stratification and coordination of care among patients, primary care and nephrology ensuring resources are utilized appropriately. Summary By using readily available laboratory measures, screening for CKD in high-risk populations is cost effective and beneficial to both individuals and healthcare systems. Program models such as Kidney Early Evaluation Program and First Nations Community Based Screening to Improve Kidney Health and Prevent Dialysis have proven the efficacy of screening initiatives in these groups, but improvements are required to maximize the benefits of early CKD detection. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.