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Recent advances of biosensors for hypertension and nephrology

Park, Sook H.a; Zhang, Yib; Rogers, John A.c; Gallon, Lorenzoa,d

Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension: April 30, 2019 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - p
doi: 10.1097/MNH.0000000000000517
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Purpose of review Hypertension (HTN) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are significant problems. With recent advances in technologies, biosensors have shown a great potential to provide better home monitoring in hypertension (HTN), medication compliance, diagnostic device for kidney disease, CKD/end-stage renal disease (ESRD) care, and post kidney transplant management.

Recent findings Multiple devices/biosensors have been developed related to HTN, kidney function including real-time glomerular filtration rate, CKD/end-stage renal disease, and transplant care. In recent advances in wearable biosensors, point of care monitoring system could provide more integrated care to the patients via telenephrology.

Summary This review focuses on the recent advances in biosensors which may be useful for HTN and nephrology. We will discuss future potential clinical implication of these biosensors.

aDepartment of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois

bDepartment of Biomedical, Biological, and Chemical Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri

cDepartment of Materials Science and Engineering, Center for Bio-Integrated Electronics, Simpson Querrey Institute for BioNanotechnology, Northwestern University, Evanston

dDepartment of Medicine, Comprehensive Transplant Center, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Correspondence to Lorenzo Gallon, MD, Northwestern University, 676N. St Clair, Arkes Pavilion 1900, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. Tel: +1(312) 695 4457; e-mail: L-gallon@northwestern.edu

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