Uromodulin: more than a marker for chronic kidney disease progression : Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension

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Uromodulin: more than a marker for chronic kidney disease progression

LaFavers, Kaicea; Garimella, Pranav S.b

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Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension 32(3):p 271-277, May 2023. | DOI: 10.1097/MNH.0000000000000885


Purpose of review 

Uromodulin, a protein that is highly conserved across several species through evolution, functions to maintain homeostasis and prevent disease development and progression. Historically, the role of uromodulin has been thought to be limited to the kidney and genitourinary tract. This review highlights developments indicating a broader role of uromodulin in human health.

Recent findings 

Although initially discovered in the urine and found to have immunomodulatory properties, recent findings indicate that serum uromodulin (sUMOD) is distinct from urine uromodulin (uUMOD) in its structure, function, and regulation. uUMOD binds pathogenic bacteria in the urine preventing infection and is also upregulated in kidneys undergoing repair after injury. Uromodulin knockout mice exhibit higher mortality in the setting of sepsis which is also associated with upregulation of sUMOD. sUMOD lowers calcification risk but this may be influenced by presence of kidney disease.


Uromodulin is an evolutionarily conserved protein produced exclusively in the kidney tubule cells with evolving roles being reported both in the kidney and systemically. Further research should be focused at harnessing its use as a potential therapeutic.

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