Review ArticleMolecular mechanisms of sodium transport inhibition in proximal tubule during acute hypertensionMagyar, Clara E.; McDonough, Alicia A.Author Information Department of Physiology and Biophysics, USC Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA Correspondence to Alicia A. McDonough, PhD, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, USC School of Medicine, Mudd 501/513, 1333 San Pablo Street, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA. Tel: +1 323 442 1238; fax: +1 323 442 2283; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension: March 2000 - Volume 9 - Issue 2 - p 149-156 Buy Abstract Acute hypertension provokes a rapid decrease in proximal tubule salt and water reabsorption that increases the levels of sodium chloride at the macula densa, the error signal to increase arteriolar resistance to autoregulate renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate, and contributes to pressure natriuresis. The molecular mechanisms responsible for this critical homeostatic adjustment are beginning to be dissected: apical sodium transporters in the proximal tubule are redistributed out of the brush border to intermicrovillar and endosomal stores and sodium pump activity is inhibited. These responses are strikingly similar to the cellular responses to parathyroid hormone, and are mediated by similar signalling pathways. © 2000 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.