ArticleNational cholesterol education program keeps a priority on lifestyle modification to decrease cardiovascular disease riskErnst, Nancy D.a; Cleeman, James I.bAuthor Information aNutrition Consultant, Irvington, Virginia and bNational Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA Correspondence to Nancy D. Ernst PhD, RD, Nutrition Consultant, 333 Chesapeake Drive, Irvington, VA 22480–2005 Tel: +1 804 438 6138; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Lipidology: February 2002 - Volume 13 - Issue 1 - p 69-73 Buy Abstract The National Cholesterol Education Program's updated third Adult Treatment Panel report on clinical guidelines for cholesterol testing and management adds to the base of knowledge provided by two previous Adult Treatment Panel reports. Similar to the other reports, it has distinctive features and goals that are in accord with the most currently available clinical trial evidence. The major new feature of the third report is a focus on primary prevention of coronary heart disease in persons with multiple coronary heart disease risk factors. The guidelines provide the rationale for intensive cholesterol-lowering therapy in clinical management, and they provide detailed information to help inform clinical judgment for implementation of both medical nutrition management (therapeutic lifestyle changes) and drug therapy for treatment of high blood cholesterol. © 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.