Purpose of review
In the context of a resurgence of syphilis worldwide, it can be anticipated that a rise in cases of ocular, otic, and neurosyphilis will also be seen. This article reviews the current epidemiology, manifestations, and approach to management and treatment.
Although studies continue investigating alternate approaches and new diagnostic tests for ocular and neurosyphilis, few data exist to change current diagnostic algorithms and approaches to diagnosis, management, or follow up.
The diagnosis of neurologic and eye/ear involvement with syphilis may be delayed because of a lack of specificity of findings, low suspicion for syphilis, fluctuation in symptoms, and/or similarities in presentation to other diseases. A high index of suspicion for syphilis and re-education about the protean manifestations of syphilis by all clinicians is required provide timely diagnosis and management of ocular, otic, and neurosyphilis.