Secondary Logo

Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Intestinal cestodes

Webb, Camille; Cabada, Miguel M.

Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases: October 2017 - Volume 30 - Issue 5 - p 504–510
doi: 10.1097/QCO.0000000000000400
GASTROINTESTINAL INFECTIONS: Edited by A. Clinton White and Gagandeep Kang
Buy

Purpose of review Cestodes infections in humans are among the most prevalent parasitosis worldwide. Although tapeworm infection is often asymptomatic, they can be associated with a range of symptoms. The landscape of cestode infections is changing with rapid diagnosis techniques and advanced molecular diagnosis aiding in identification of species specific epidemiology.

Recent findings Traditional descriptions of species by location have been challenged with molecular diagnostic techniques, which show variation in distribution of species, thought to be because of globalization and importation of disease.

Main themes in literature Epidemiology, molecular diagnostic techniques.

Summary Infection by tapeworms is often asymptomatic or accompanied by mild symptoms though can occasionally cause severe disease and contribute to anemia and malnutrition. Tapeworm infection is most prevalent in resource-poor countries but the distribution is worldwide. Epidemiology of infection is changing because of molecular diagnostics, which allow more accurate tracking of species.

Division of Infectious Disease Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA

Correspondence to Miguel M. Cabada, MD, Division of Infectious Disease Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Blvd., Galveston, TX 77555-0435, USA. E-mail: micabada@utmb.edu

Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.