CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE IN HIV INFECTED PERSONS: Edited by Franck Boccara and Cameron J. HollowayAre we successfully managing cardiovascular disease in people living with HIV?Hatleberg, Camilla I.; Lundgren, Jens D.; Ryom, Lene Author Information CHIP (Centre of Excellence for Health, Immunity and Infections), Department of Infectious Diseases, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Correspondence to Camilla I. Hatleberg, MD, CHIP, Department of Infectious Diseases, Section 2100, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Finsenscentret, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. Tel: +45 35 45 57 70; fax: +45 35 45 57 57; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS: November 2017 - Volume 12 - Issue 6 - p 594-603 doi: 10.1097/COH.0000000000000417 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review The aim of this study was to discuss the most recent research in the management of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in people living with HIV (PLWHIV) with a focus on screening, primary and secondary prevention. Recent findings The cause of CVD in PLWHIV is complex and multifactorial and creates a demand for a multifaceted approach to screening and prevention. Current screening and management of CVD risk factors in PLWHIV is suboptimal, reasons for this are not clear and the data are still scarce both in the primary and secondary preventive setting. There are no optimal routine risk screening tools available to accurately detect early and subclinical disease; PLWHIV are undertreated with preventive drugs such as statins and aspirin and antihypertensives; there are still no programmes that have been shown significantly efficient over time with regards to improved smoking cessation, increased physical activity and optimal diet, and recent reports call for intensified focus on HIV-positive women as a particularly vulnerable subgroup. Summary There is a need for further studies investigating barriers to optimal CVD risk factor management in PLWHIV and an increased focus of CVD prevention in HIV-positive women. Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.