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Planning for HIV preexposure prophylaxis introduction: lessons learned from contraception

Delany-Moretlwe, Sinéad; Mullick, Saiqa; Eakle, Robyn; Rees, Helen

Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS: January 2016 - Volume 11 - Issue 1 - p 87–93
doi: 10.1097/COH.0000000000000221
THE PREP REVOLUTION: FROM CLINICAL TRIALS TO ROUTINE PRACTICE: Edited by Jared Baeten Sheena McCormack
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Purpose of review We summarize key lessons learned from contraceptive development and introduction, and implications for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP).

Recent findings New approaches to HIV prevention are urgently needed. PrEP is a new technology for HIV prevention. Uncertainty remains about its acceptance, use and potential to have an impact on the HIV epidemic. Despite imperfect use and implementation of programs, the use of modern contraception has led to significant reproductive health and social gains, making it one of the public health's major achievements. Guided by the WHO strategic approach to contraception introduction, we identified the following lessons for PrEP introduction from contraception: (1) the importance of a broader focus on the method mix rather than promotion of a single technology, (2) new technologies alone do not increase choice – service delivery systems and providers are equally important to success, and (3) that failure to account for user preferences and social context can undermine the potential of new methods to provide benefit.

Summary Taking a strategic approach to PrEP introduction that includes a broader focus on the technology/user interface, the method mix, delivery strategies, and the context in which methods are introduced will benefit HIV prevention programs, and will ensure greater success.

Wits RHI, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Correspondence to Sinéad Delany-Moretlwe, Wits RHI, University of the Witwatersrand, 22 Esselen Street, Hillbrow, Johannesburg 2038, South Africa. Tel: +27 11 358 5415; e-mail: sdelany@wrhi.ac.za

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