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The ABC's of re-do ileoanal pouches, what every gastroenterologist should know

Mascarenhas, Christopher; Steele, Scott R.; Hull, Tracy

Current Opinion in Gastroenterology: July 2019 - Volume 35 - Issue 4 - p 321–329
doi: 10.1097/MOG.0000000000000537
INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE: Edited by Miguel Regueiro
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Purpose of review To describe the development of re-do pouch surgery, what it entails, its indications and role in the management of patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

Recent findings Re-do pouch surgery has very good outcomes and excellent patient satisfaction when performed on carefully selected patients in specialized centers.

Summary The ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) procedure, which was developed 40 years ago, is a mainstay in the reconstruction of patients who undergo a proctoclectomy for ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). It allows these patients to avoid a permanent ileostomy, with the majority having a very good quality of life and functional outcomes. Unfortunately, a small but not insignificant number of patients will develop technical complications that may severely affect their quality of life and function of the pouch. In the past, pouch excision with permanent diversion or Koch pouch were the only option available to these patients. Recent advances have resulted in the development of corrective surgical measures to restore pouch function. We will discuss strategies to evaluate and select the right patients for a re-do pouch surgery, how to surgically optimize them, and describe the proper technique of ileal pouch revision and reconstruction.

The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Correspondence to Scott R. Steele, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Desk A30, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. Tel: +1 216 444 4715; e-mail: steeles3@ccf.org

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