INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE: Edited by Matthew A. CiorbaDiet as a treatment for inflammatory bowel disease: is it ready for prime time?Cusimano, Frank A.a; Damas, Oriana M.b Author Information aDepartment of Medicine, Jackson Memorial Health System/University of Miami bDivision of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of Miami-Leonard Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA Correspondence to Oriana M. Damas, MD, Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine, Director of Translational Studies for the Crohn's and Colitis Center, Division of Gastroenterology Department of Medicine, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, 33136 USA. E-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Gastroenterology 38(4):p 358-372, July 2022. | DOI: 10.1097/MOG.0000000000000850 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Diet remains an important topic for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), yet few guidelines for dietary recommendations exist. There is a growing interest in the use of diet as treatment or adjuvant therapy for both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Here, we highlight the latest evidence on the use of diet for treatment of symptoms, active disease and maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Recent findings The Crohn's Disease Exclusion Diet (CDED) and the Specific Carbohydrate Diet (SCD) are studied diets that have gained popularity, but there is growing interest in the use and efficacy of less restrictive diets such as the Mediterranean diet. Recent data suggest healthful dietary patterns alone, with an emphasis on whole foods that are high in vegetable fibre and that promote less consumption of ultra-processed foods may also help achieve remission in patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Summary In this review, we summarize the literature on diet as treatment for IBD. We highlight the latest clinical dietary studies, randomized clinical trials, as well as new and emerging diets for the treatment of IBD. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.