There has been significant interest in gluten over the last decade, with an increase in interest of gluten-related disorders outside coeliac disease. Particularly, there has been a focus on the role of gluten in noncoeliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). There is significant overlap between both of these conditions, with the aim of this review to explore their complex relationship.
Gluten has been demonstrated to generate symptoms in individuals with NCGS. However, there appears to be an increasing role for gluten in symptom generation in patients with IBS also. Other components of wheat, other than gluten, are now also thought to be contributing factors in symptom generation.
There appears to be significant overlap between IBS and NCGS. It is likely that a subset of patients presenting with IBS actually have NCGS. In addition, it is likely that individuals with IBS may also have symptoms triggered by gluten. With the pathophysiology of both conditions not fully understood, as well as increasing knowledge of wheat components in symptom generation, further research is required to help distinguish between both.
aAcademic Unit of Gastroenterology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
bAcademic Unit of Gastroenterology, Department of Infection, Immunity and Cardiovascular Disease, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
Correspondence to Prof. David S. Sanders, P39, Academic Unit of Gastroenterology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield S10 2JF, UK. Tel: +44 1142261179; e-mail: email@example.com