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Miscellaneous colitides

Pardi, Darrell S.

Current Opinion in Gastroenterology: January 2012 - Volume 28 - Issue 1 - p 76–81
doi: 10.1097/MOG.0b013e32834dda3b
LARGE INTESTINE: Edited by Ciarán Kelly
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Purpose of review A variety of diseases cause symptomatic inflammation of the colon. The epidemiology, clinical features, and/or endoscopic appearance of these conditions are distinct and histologic findings are often definitive.

Recent findings Recent literature adds to our understanding of the epidemiology and treatment of these disorders.

Summary Microscopic colitis, ischemic colitis, eosinophilic colitis, and drug-induced colitis, all cause diarrhea, often with abdominal pain, due to inflammation of the colon. Careful consideration of the clinical features and colonic mucosal biopsies usually lead to the correct diagnosis and appropriate therapy.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Inflammatory Bowel Disease Clinic, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA

Correspondence to Darrell S. Pardi, MD, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Tel: +1 507 538 1231; e-mail: Pardi.darrell@mayo.edu

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.