Celiac diseaseRubio-Tapia, Alberto; Murray, Joseph ACurrent Opinion in Gastroenterology: March 2010 - Volume 26 - Issue 2 - p 116–122 doi: 10.1097/MOG.0b013e3283365263 Small intestine: Edited by William F. Stenson and David H. Alpers Abstract Author Information Purpose of review To summarize recent advances in celiac disease published between August 2008 and July 2009. Recent findings Celiac disease affects nearly 1% of most populations but remains largely unrecognized. In the last year, work has shown that the prevalence of celiac disease has increased dramatically, not simply due to increased detection. Also, undiagnosed celiac disease may be associated with increased mortality. Significant progress has been made in understanding how gliadin peptides can cross the intestinal border and access the immune system. New genetic loci and candidate genes that may contribute to the risk of celiac disease and its overlap with type 1 diabetes mellitus have been identified. Novel deamidated gliadin peptides antibodies have better diagnostic accuracy over native gliadin-based tests. The inclusion of duodenal bulb biopsy specimens may increase the rate of celiac disease detection. The spectrum of celiac disease likely includes a minority of patients with mild enteropathy. A practical seven-item instrument may facilitate standardized evaluation of gluten-free diet adherence. Finally, refractory celiac disease, although rare, is associated with a poor prognosis. Summary Celiac disease is a global health problem that requires a multidisciplinary and increasingly cooperative multinational research effort. Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Departments of Medicine and Immunology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA Correspondence to Joseph A. Murray, MD, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA Tel: +1 507 284 2631; fax: +1 507 266 9081; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org © 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.