CARDIOPULMONARY MONITORING: Edited by Mitchell M. LevyPassive leg raising for assessment of volume responsiveness: a reviewMesquida, Jaumea; Gruartmoner, Guillema; Ferrer, Ricardb,c,dAuthor Information aCritical Care Department, Hospital de Sabadell, Corporació Sanitària Universitària Parc Taulí, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Sabadell bIntensive Care Department, Vall d’Hebron University Hospital, Autonomous University of Barcelona cCIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias dShock, Organ Dysfunction and Resuscitation Research Group (SODIR), VHIR, Barcelona, Spain Correspondence to Ricard Ferrer, MD, PhD, Intensive Care Department, Vall d’Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain. Tel: +34 93 489 44 20; fax: +34 93 274 60 62; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Critical Care: June 2017 - Volume 23 - Issue 3 - p 237-243 doi: 10.1097/MCC.0000000000000404 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review To evaluate the existing evidence on the passive leg raising (PLR) test for fluid responsiveness prediction. Recent findings It has been well established that either insufficient or excessive fluid administration derives in worse outcomes in critically ill patients, highlighting that a more accurate assessment of fluid management is required. Accordingly, several cardiovascular indices have been tested to improve our ability to predict patients’ response to fluid loading at the bedside, the so-called functional hemodynamic monitoring. The standardized PLR is a relatively novel maneuver that, over the past 10 years, has repeatedly demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity for fluid responsiveness prediction. Summary The current review underlines that PLR is an easy-to-perform and reliable method to assess fluid responsiveness. Its excellent performance is maintained even in many situations in which other dynamic predictive indices are not consistent and represents a valid alternative to the fluid challenge to avoid unnecessary volume administration. Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.