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High-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation: current and future directions

Abella, Benjamin S.

Current Opinion in Critical Care: June 2016 - Volume 22 - Issue 3 - p 218–224
doi: 10.1097/MCC.0000000000000296
CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION: Edited by Lars Wik

Purpose of review Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) represents the cornerstone of cardiac arrest resuscitation care. Prompt delivery of high-quality CPR can dramatically improve survival outcomes; however, the definitions of optimal CPR have evolved over several decades. The present review will discuss the metrics of CPR delivery, and the evidence supporting the importance of CPR quality to improve clinical outcomes.

Recent findings The introduction of new technologies to quantify metrics of CPR delivery has yielded important insights into CPR quality. Investigations using CPR recording devices have allowed the assessment of specific CPR performance parameters and their relative importance regarding return of spontaneous circulation and survival to hospital discharge. Additional work has suggested new opportunities to measure physiologic markers during CPR and potentially tailor CPR delivery to patient requirements.

Summary Through recent laboratory and clinical investigations, a more evidence-based definition of high-quality CPR continues to emerge. Exciting opportunities now exist to study quantitative metrics of CPR and potentially guide resuscitation care in a goal-directed fashion. Concepts of high-quality CPR have also informed new approaches to training and quality improvement efforts for cardiac arrest care.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Center for Resuscitation Science, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Correspondence to Benjamin S. Abella, MD, MPhil, Department of Emergency Medicine, Center for Resuscitation Science, University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Ground Ravdin, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Tel: +1 215 279 3452; fax: +1 215 573 2701; e-mail: benjamin.abella@uphs.upenn.edu

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