CARBOHYDRATES: Edited by Bettina Mittendorfer and Faidon MagkosDietary carbohydrates in the management of epilepsyHaridas, Babitha Author Information Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA Correspondence to Babitha Haridas, Johns Hopkins University, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Suite 2147, 600 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. E-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care 26(4):p 377-381, July 2023. | DOI: 10.1097/MCO.0000000000000938 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review The role of dietary carbohydrates in the management of epilepsy is intrinsically linked to the ketogenic diet. The ketogenic diet has been in use for well over a century now. There have been numerous adaptations to the diet. It is crucial to understand the indications and role of the ketogenic diet in the management of epilepsy. Recent findings There have been new studies that have looked at the role of ketogenic ratios in seizure control. In addition, there has been new evidence in the role of using the ketogenic diet therapy instead of antiseizure medications. These data highlight that the ketogenic diet should be tailored for patients and caregivers. When used appropriately, it can result in a significant improvement in seizure control as well as cognitive and developmental gains. Summary The ketogenic diet therapy has undergone numerous revisions and reiterations from its initial reported use in patients a century ago. This has enabled us to tailor the diet specific to each patient's underlying diagnosis. Copyright © 2023 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.