Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care was launched in 1998. It is one of a successful series of review journals whose unique format is designed to provide a systematic and critical assessment of the literature as presented in the many primary journals. The fields of clinical nutrition and metabolic care are divided into 15 sections that are reviewed once a year. Each section is assigned a Section Editor, a leading authority in the area, who identifies the most important topics at that time. Here we are pleased to introduce the Section Editors for this issue.
Vickie E. Baracos
Dr Vickie E. Baracos completed her PhD in applied biochemistry and nutrition at the University of Nottingham, UK, in 1981, and a postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard Medical School, USA. Dr Baracos’ subsequent career at the University of Alberta, Canada, spans three decades and has been devoted to studies of the balance of anabolic and catabolic factors in different physiological and pathological states. Most recently the main focus of Dr Baracos’ interest in hypercatabolic states has been malignant disease. Dr Baracos is currently the Alberta Cancer Foundation Chair in Palliative Medicine, and Professor in the Department of Oncology. Dr Baracos’ research focuses on cancer-associated malnutrition and wasting (cachexia), its mechanisms, diagnostic criteria and therapy.
Dr Attaix completed his PhD in Biochemistry at the University of Clermont-Ferrand, France, and postdoctoral work at Harvard Medical School, USA. Dr Attaix's career at the National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), France, has been devoted to the elucidation of mechanisms involved in the control of muscle mass, in both anabolic and catabolic conditions. For two decades, Dr Attaix has been head of the Proteolysis Group of the Human Nutrition Unit (INRA/Clermont University) with a major focus in ubiquitin-proteasome-dependent and lysosomal protein breakdown. Dr Attaix is also currently head of the MSc program in Human Nutrition and Health at Clermont University, and Deputy Director of the Human Nutrition Research Center (CRNH) Auvergne. The CRNH is proposing innovative nutritional and/or pharmacological strategies for preventing the deleterious effects of age-dependent diseases (cardiovascular or bowel diseases, breast and prostate cancers) or dysfunctions such as sarcopenia.
Claude Pichard initially specialized in internal medicine and gastroenterology. He studied the field of Clinical Nutrition with the group of Prof. K.N. Jeejeebhoy (Toronto, Canada) in the early eighties. Returning to Europe, he became Professor in Nutrition and created the Division of Clinical Nutrition at the Geneva University Hospital, Switzerland.
Besides his clinical activities, he is currently teaching at the Faculty of Medicine, the Faculty of Pharmacy, the Faculty of Sciences and at the School of Dietetics.
His group of research is involved in a number of subjects such as: modulation by nutrients of colon cancer cell growth, catabolic diseases and nutrition, stress-related catabolism and growth factors, body composition techniques, ergonomics and economics of nutrition support. He has published over 485 papers (>280 referenced in Pubmed), and presented over 445 lectures at national and international meetings. His latest work on the contribution of nutrition on the control of infections in ICU patients was published in The Lancet.
He is active in 11 academic societies inside and outside Europe, is the Founder (2005) and past Chairman of the European Nutrition for Health Alliance, was the President, then the Chairman of the European Society of Clinical Nutrition & Metabolism (ESPEN) until 2006, and the Director of the ESPEN Life-Long Learning educational programme until 2012.
Claude Pichard is the President's advisor of the French National Institute for Agronomic Research.
Berthold V. Koletzko
Berthold V. Koletzko is Professor of Paediatrics and Head of the Division of Metabolic and Nutritional Medicine at the Hauner Children's Hospital, University of Munich Medical Centre, Munich, Germany. Following work at paediatric departments in South Africa and Tanzania, he qualified in paediatrics at the Children's Hospital, University of Düsseldorf, Germany and completed a fellowship in clinical nutrition and metabolism at the Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Canada.
His research focuses on metabolism and nutrition in childhood, pregnancy and lactation, metabolic diseases, and clinical nutrition. He has co-authored more than 770 publications (H-index 60) and received numerous awards and honours. He serves as coordinator of Collaborative Research Programmes including the Early Nutrition Programming of Adult Health project (http://www.early-nutrition.org), and the European Research Network on Malnutrition and Outcome in Hospitalized Children. Scientific leadership roles include Editor of Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, President of the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Chair of the Committee on Nutrition of the German Society of Paediatrics, Chair of the Child Health Foundation, Scientific advisor to the Forum Early Childhood Advancement of German Federal Family Minister, Managing Council, National Platform on Nutrition and Physical Activity, and Chair of the Scientific Board of the Federal Government Network for Young Families.
Raanan Shamir is Professor of Pediatrics at the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel, and the Chairman of the Institute of Gastroenterology, Nutrition and Liver Diseases at Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel.
Raanan Shamir received his MD degree in the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Israel, and was trained in pediatrics at the Beilinson Medical Center, in Petach-Tiqva, Israel. In the early 1990 s, he was a fellow at the Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, USA, and came back to Israel to be the Head of the Department of Nutrition at the Israel Ministry of Health, and then held the position of Head of the Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit at Meyer Children's Hospital in Haifa.
Prof Shamir has published more than 300 original papers, reviews and comments, book chapters and guidelines. His research has been supported by prestigious funds such as the European Community Framework funds and the Israel Science Foundation.
His current research areas include exploring the effects of oral insulin supplementation on the intestine, pediatric nutrition, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease and childhood hyperlipidemia.
Prof. Shamir serves as an Editor for the Paediatric section of Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, and was the Senior Associate Editor (2010–2013) and Acting Editor in Chief (2013–2014) of the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (JPGN). He serves as a reviewer for journals in the field of pediatrics, nutrition, gastroenterology and atherosclerosis.
Past committee appointments include: President of the Israel Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Chairman of the Scientific Committee on Milk and Human Health at the Israel Ministry of Health, Chief Scientist Office, Member of the Committee on Nutrition, European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN CoN), 2004–2012, ESPGHAN Council member, 2005–2009, Council member of the Israel Pediatric Association, 2008–2012, Chairman of ESPGHAN CoN, 2008–2012, Member of the General Assembly, Upper Gastrointestinal Section, Scientific committee of the UEGF (United European Gastroenterology Federation) 2010–2013, ESPGHAN Council member as the President of the 2014 Annual Meeting and Chairman of the Governmental Supreme Committee on Food, Israel Ministries of Health, Agriculture, Commerce and Environment (2010–2014).
Current committee appointments include being the, Chairman of the Nutrition Committee of the Israel Pediatric Association, Member of the National Council on Gastroenterology and Chairman of its Sub-Committee on Nutrition and Member of the Scientific Committee of ESPEN (European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism).