Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care was launched in 1998. It is one of a successful series of review journals whose unique format is designed to provide a systematic and critical assessment of the literature as presented in the many primary journals. The fields of clinical nutrition and metabolic care are divided into 15 sections that are reviewed once a year. Each section is assigned a Section Editor, a leading authority in the area, who identifies the most important topics at that time. Here we are pleased to introduce the Section Editors for this issue.
Wim H.M. Saris
Dr Wim H.M. Saris trained at the University of Wageningen and the Radboud University in Nijmegen, and is Professor of Human Nutrition at the Health, Medicine and Life Science Faculty at the University of Maastricht in The Netherlands. He is also Corporate Scientist at DSM in Delft. He obtained his degree in Human Nutrition in 1972 and his MD degree in 1978. He received his PhD in Medicine at the Radboud University in 1982 on the topic of aerobic power and physical fitness in children within the Department of Physiology. Thereafter he started as associate professor at the Department of Human Biology of the Health Science Faculty in the University of Maastricht and was appointed as full professor in 1986, and served from 1991 till 2005 as scientific director of the Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute, NUTRIM.
Dr Saris' research program on energy and substrate metabolism spans two decades and is related to the different aspects in health and disease. Organs of interest are the muscle, adipose tissue and the gut. Energy and substrate metabolism during exercise is one the areas focussing on the role of nutrition to improve performance in athletes. Most of his work in the last 10 years is related to obesity and diabetes: partly molecular mechanisms and in particular, experimentally studies in humans, and partly how nutrition and exercise can improve the disease status.
He has served as coordinator or partner is several European research consortia in framework 4th, 5 and 6 such as CARMEN, FATLINK, FeMMES, and NUGENOB. He currently coordinates the large scale 6th framework EU program on Diet Obesity and Genes (DiOGenes). He has previously served, and is still active, as president, chairmen or member in several national and international societies and committees on nutritional and/or exercise physiology. These include the Dutch Health Council and the EU Scientific advisory Committee on Food (SCF) of the Commission in Brussels (now the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)). He has published over 350 articles in peer-reviewed articles in a large variety of journals.
William J. Evans
William J. Evans, PhD is the Jane and Ed Warmack Chair of Nutritional Longevity and Director of the Nutrition, Metabolism, and Exercise Laboratory in the Donald Reynolds Institute on Aging at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. He is a Professor of Geriatrics, Physiology, and Nutrition. From 1993 to 1997 he was the director of the Noll Physiological Research Center at the Pennsylvania State University and from 1982 to 1993 he served as the Chief of the Human Physiology Laboratory at the U.S.D.A. Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University. He is a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine, The American College of Nutrition, and an honorary member of the American Dietetic Association. He is the author or co-author of more than 200 publications in scientific journals. Much of his research has examined the functional and metabolic consequences of physical activity in elderly people as well as dietary protein needs of older men and women. Along with Irwin Rosenberg, MD he is the author of Biomarkers: The Ten Determinants of Aging You Can Control (Simon & Schuster) and authored AstroFit (Simon & Schuster, 2002). His laboratory examines the relationship between exercise, nutrition and aging. His studies have demonstrated the ability of older men and women to improve strength, fitness, and health through exercise, even into the 10th decade of life. Dr Evans receives grant support from a variety of sources including the National Institutes of Health, the Veterans Administration, NASA, and private industry. Ongoing research in the Nutrition, Metabolism, and Exercise Laboratory is examining the effects of bedrest on body composition, muscle metabolism and functional capacity in old men and women, effects of exercise on fatigue in anemic cancer patients, effects of physical activity and diet on insulin action in elderly people, and the etiology of late life dysfunction. Dr Evans has directed a large laboratory including collaborating scientists for more than 20 years. His work has been featured on CBS evening news, 20/20, Good Morning America, the New York Times, and a variety of media outlets. In 2005 he was invited to testify before the Senate Special Committee on Aging on strategies to save Medicare through prevention of chronic diseases associated with aging. He serves as a reviewer for more than 10 journals and has been a reviewer of grants for the American Federation for Aging Research, National Institutes of Health, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the Veterans Administration. He is a member of the NIH study section, Neurology, Aging, and Musculoskeletal Epidemiology.
Hans K. Biesalski
Prof. Dr med. H.K. Biesalski is currently heading the Department of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition at the University of Hohenheim in Stuttgart, Germany. After studying Physics at University of Mainz (1971 to 1974), he was appointed as a research assistant at the Department of Physiology in 1979. He graduated in 1981with an MD thesis entitled “Progressive hearing disorders in childhood”. After several years' activity as an assistant professor, he obtained his habilitation in 1987 with the thesis “Vitamin A and inner ear: Development and application of biochemical and electrophysio-logical studies”. He was appointed as an Associated Professor in 1993, then full C4-Professor in his current department at the University of Hohenheim.
Prof. Dr Biesalski has 20 years experience in research on retinoids and their actions on cellular growth and differentiation, vitamin A and human health, especially lung diseases. Since 1993 his research activities have concentrated on antioxidants, on reactive oxygen species and their role in human nutrition. He holds several patents and founded a biotech company (BioTeSys GmbH) in Esslingen, Germany, in 2000, which develops cell and organ culture models to test biological compounds and also carries out clinical studies.
Prof. Dr Biesalski is a member of the Executive Boards and Scientific Advisory Boards of the most important German health societies and academies, and a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the US Pharmacopoeia. He is European editor of Nutrition and board member of several scientific journals and a member of various international societies and vitamin consultative groups.
He has edited various books related to nutrition medicine, clinical nutrition and ageing, and has published numerous papers in the most prestigious scientific journals – some of which he peer-reviews as well. He has chaired several international conferences (amongst others, the WHO Conference on Nutrition and Cancer in 1997 and the First Congress Nutrition Teams) and has given many lectures at congresses and symposia.
Henry C. Lukaski
Dr Lukaski is the Assistant Center Director and Supervisory Research Physiologist at the United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Human Nutrition Research Center in Grand Forks, ND. He is a Clinical Professor in the Department of Medicine, Adjunct Professor in the Department of Physical Education and Exercise Science and a member of the Sports Medicine Advisory Committee and Research Council at the University of North Dakota.
He studies the interaction of physical activity and mineral intakes in humans, emphasizing iron, zinc, copper, magnesium, and chromium, to promote health and optimal physiological function/performance throughout life. His work also includes development and validation of non-invasive methods to assess human body composition. He has published numerous technical publications in high quality, peer-reviewed scientific journals, book chapters, one book, invited editorials, professional policy statements for the American College of Sports Medicine, and presented invited lectures at universities, research institutes, and scientific and professional societies world-wide.
Dr Lukaski is a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine, the Human Biology Council and the Nutrition Society of Central America. He is a member of the American Physiological Society, American Society of Nutrition, American Society for Clinical Nutrition, Endocrine Society, New York Academy of Sciences, Sigma Xi, and Phi Kappa Phi, and a Charter Member of the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Metabolism and Physical Activity.
Dr Lukaski serves as a member of the Editorial Boards of Current Nutrition Reviews, International Journal of Applied Sports Science, Nutrition, and CRC Series on Nutrition in Exercise and Sport, and an editorial consultant for a variety of peer-reviewed journals in physiology, nutrition, medicine and sport sciences. He is a past Associate Editor, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, and a member of the Editorial Boards of the International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Journal of Nutrition. Dr Lukaski has served and continues to provide service and contribute as an advisor and consultant to many national and international health agencies and research organizations, including the National Academy of Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Food and Drug Administration, Department of Defense, National Aeronautic and Space Administration, Pan American Health Organization, the World Health Organization, and the International and US Olympic Committees.
As an NIH pre-doctoral trainee, Dr Lukaski received Master of Science and doctoral degrees in physiology and nutrition from the Pennsylvania State University, and was a Visiting Scientist at the Brookhaven National Laboratory.
Nathalie M. Delzenne
Nathalie Delzenne is Professor at the Université catholique de Louvain. She is a lecturer in Nutrition and Biochemistry and is the leader of the research group in Experimental Nutrition at the Louvain Drug Research Institute. She is a Member of several international scientific committees (Member of the Council of the Nutrition Society as European representative, Member of the Scientific Board of the European Academy of Nutritional Science, Member of different working groups at the International Life Science Institute- Europe, Member of the International Scientific Association for the study of Prebiotics and Probiotics, and Member of the Scientific Council for several international food industries).
After a PhD in Pharmaceutical sciences obtained in 1991, she performed a post-doctoral research (Inserm, Paris and Pasteur Institute, Lille, France) devoted to analyse the effect of nutrients on gene expression in the field of obesity. Back at the Université catholique de Louvain, she started an academic carrier and her team is developing projects in order to assess the fundamental mechanisms underlying the functional effects of prebiotic-type nutrients. The current hypothesis is the involvement of intestinal peptides and inflammatory tone in the modulation of food intake and glucose metabolism upon obesity and cancer by nutrients targeting gut microflora.
She has been involved in several International European Project devoted to functional food (AIRII-CT94-1095; FAIR CT 97 3001; BIO4-CT97- 2145; GLK-2000-0086; grant from international Life Sciences Institute in 1998).
Professor Peter Stehle received his PhD degree in nutritional science from the University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany with a focus on peptide synthesis and analytics. He started his career as Post Doc at the Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition Science, University Hohenheim. Under the guidance of Professor Peter Fürst, PhD, MD, his working group was engaged in basic and clinical studies to introduce glutamine containing short chain peptides as amino acid sources in clinical nutrition. After his “Habilitation” he has served as Assistant Professor at the same department. In 1994 he became the chair in nutrition physiology in the Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences at the University of Bonn. Since 2006 he has been vice-Dean for study affairs with the Faculty of Agriculture.
He is currently serving as President of the German Nutrition Society (DGE) and is a Member of several scientific boards. His broad scientific focus includes continuous research in amino acid/peptide metabolism in diseased states, development of in vitro assays to study substrate utilization, experimental and clinical studies to investigate bioavailability of minor components in food, nutrition and ageing, calcium, vitamin D and bone metabolism, and nutrition in adolescence. Ongoing studies are supported within the EU framework programs, by various national institutions and by industry grants. Professor Stehle received various scholarships and honors including the Konrad-Lang-Preis (German Society of Nutritional Medicine). He has published more than 150 papers in a range of peer-reviewed journals.