Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care was launched in 1998. It is one of a successful series of review journals whose unique format is designed to provide a systematic and critical assessment of the literature as presented in the many primary journals. The fields of clinical nutrition and metabolic care are divided into 15 sections that are reviewed once a year. Each section is assigned a Section Editor, a leading authority in the area, who identifies the most important topics at that time. Here we are pleased to introduce the Journal's Editors and the Section Editors for this issue.
Yvon A. Carpentier
Yvon A. Carpentier completed medical school and a residency in surgery at the Free University of Brussels (ULB), Belgium. After a short training in Stockholm (Professor Arvid Wretlind) and Montpellier (Professor C. Solassol and H. Joyeux), he initiated nutritional support in Belgium in 1973. He benefited from post-doctoral Fulright and NATO fellowships to undergo research in lipid metabolism at the Rockefeller University (Professor J. Hirsch) and in surgical metabolism at Columbia University (Professor J.M. Kinney), New York City in the years 1977–1978. After returning to Brussels, he became director of the L. Deloyers Laboratory for Experimental Surgery, ULB and he is currently Director of the Lipid Clinic, Cardiovascular Center, Hôpital Erasme. He is Professor of pathological biochemistry and of nutrition at the ULB.
Y.A. Carpentier was among the founders of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ESPEN) in 1979 and chairman of ESPEN (1994–1998). He is currently President of the International Confederation of Nutrition Support Organizations (ICNSO). His main research interest is in lipid metabolism and its relationship to cardiovascular diseases and in the development of new lipid preparations. He has published over 200 papers in this field.
Y.A. Carpentier has served as visiting professor and lecturer in Europe, the USA, Latin America, Asia and Israel. He has delivered over 250 invited and guest lectures. He serves on the National Council of Nutrition (Belgium).
Luc A. Cynober
Luc A. Cynober, PhD, Pharm.D is head of the Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Hôtel-Dieu Hospital, Paris, and is Professor of Nutrition and Head of the Biological Nutrition Laboratory at the School of Pharmacy, University of Paris 5, France. Dr Cynober obtained his PharmD degree in 1979 from the Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Paris XI. In 1985, he received his PhD degree in Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences from the same university.
Dr Cynober is a member of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, French Speaking Society of Clinical Biology and French Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, among others. He served from 1992 to 2000 as officer in the executive committee of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition and, from 2001, as chairman of the French-Speaking Society of Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition. In the years 1987–1992 he served as editor in-chief of Nutrition Clinique & Métabolisme.
Among other awards, he has received the Pharmacy Academy Award for his PhD thesis and the International Research Award of the French Society of Clinical Biology. Dr Cynober has presented over 90 invited lectures at international and national meetings and over 150 guest lectures at universities and institutes. He has published more than 200 research papers. He is the editor of a book dealing with amino acids metabolism and therapy in clinical nutrition (published by CRC Press). His current major research interests relate to amino acid metabolism and therapy in critical illness and aging.
Dr Ronni Chernoff is the Associate Director for Education/Evaluation for the Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center at the John L. McClellan Memorial Veterans Hospital in Little Rock, Arkansas; Director, Arkansas Geriatric Education Center; Professor, Geriatrics, College of Medicine; Professor, Health Education and Health Behavior, College of Public Health; Director of Education in the Donald W. Reynolds Center on Aging at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences in Little Rock, and Director of Education, Arkansas Aging Initiative, a program funded by the Tobacco Commission for the Arkansas Legislature. She has previously held positions at the Cornell Medical Center-New York Hospital, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, and the University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center. She received her BS in Nutrition from Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, received an MS and a MEd in Nutrition from Columbia University in New York, and earned her PhD from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.
Dr Chernoff was the 1994 Lenna Frances Cooper Award lecturer, receiving the second highest honor given by The American Dietetic Association. She was president of the American Dietetic Association in the years 1996–1997. In 2007, she was awarded an ADA Medallion Award for contributions to the profession.
Dr Chernoff is Chair of the Cornell University Council, an invitational alumni group selected for professional achievement and service to the university. Dr Chernoff was the College of Human Ecology's Dorothy Proud lecturer in 1990 as the first alumna to be invited and in 1996 as the first Cornell graduate to serve as president of The American Dietetic Association. In 2000, she was invited to serve on Cornell University's President's Council of Cornell Women.
Dr Chernoff was recently invited to serve a 3-year term on the Medicare Clinical Advisory Committee. She has edited three books and published 37 abstracts, 40 journal articles, and over 100 other publications, including book chapters, invited reviews, and other articles. Her books include Health Promotion and Disease Prevention in the Elderly, three editions of Geriatric Nutrition: A Health Professional's Handbook, and two editions of Communicating as Professionals. She has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, the Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, Journal of Nutrition for the Elderly, Journal of Nutrition, Aging and Health, The Gerontologist and Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation. She has been an associate editor of Nutrition in Clinical Practice, editor of Clinics in Applied Nutrition, editor-in-chief of Perspectives in Applied Nutrition and was a series editor for books on clinical nutrition for Chapman & Hall Publishers, for Aspen Publishers, and CRC Press.
Paolo M. Suter
Dr Suter is a professor of medicine at the Medical Policlinic of the University Hospital in Zurich (Switzerland). He started his medical studies at the University of Fribourg and received his medical degree from the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Zurich in 1982. In 1986 he received a MSc in Nutrition at the School of Nutrition at Tufts University in Boston (Massachusetts, USA). After medical school he certified in Internal Medicine. Besides his work in different Swiss hospitals he was also staying as a Visiting Scientist at the Jean Mayer USDA-Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University in Boston. He held a position at the Medical Faculty of the University of Lausanne, devoting his time in part to research activities in the field of energy metabolism as well as in the obesity clinic. His research interests include nutrition in aging and the elderly, energy metabolism and body weight regulation, alcohol and the role of nutrition in prevention of chronic diseases. Dr Suter has written a standard nutrition text book in German – Checkliste Ernährung (Thieme Medical Publisher, Stuttgart) – of which the third edition will be published shortly. Besides many research articles, he has published over 100 publications including more than 20 book chapters about different issues in nutrition and health. He is a member of different editorial boards and medical societies. Currently, he is the general secretary of the Swiss Society of Hypertension. He is also in charge of the Obesity Clinic as well as Hypertension clinic at the Medical Policlinic of the University Hospital in Zürich (Switzerland).
Erich Roth is Professor of Clinical Biochemistry and Director of the Surgical Research Laboratory at the University Clinic of Surgery, Medical University Vienna/AKH. He has a PhD in biochemistry and microbiology of the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Science, Vienna. Having worked for five years in industry he returned to the Medical University and created a Metabolic Research Laboratory at the Surgical Department following a study period at the Metabolic Research Laboratory in St Eric, Stockholm, Sweden, supervised by Profs. Peter Fürst and Eric Vinnars. He conducted extensive experimental and clinical research in the field of sepsis and related areas, performing mainly metabolic and immunological studies. In addition, he has published extensively on a wide range of surgical and nutrition-related subjects.
In the past the main interest of his research group was to investigate the effect of the amino acid glutamine on a cellular and sub-cellular level to find the basis for the present understanding of glutamine administration in the treatment of critically ill patients. He and his co-workers investigated the dependence of several cell reactions, especially immune and gastrointestinal barrier functions on adequate glutamine levels. Now his research is focused on the investigation of the influence of several nutrients and plant substances on immunomodulation to find new therapeutic concepts for treatment of inflammation and infection.
Prof. Roth was president of the Austrian Society of Clinical Nutrition for five years and is a member of the editorial board of several journals, including Clinical Nutrition, Nutrition, European Journal of Nutrition and Current Nutrition Reviews.
He has published over 140 research papers and has given over 100 plenary, invited or guest lectures on national or international congresses, workshops, and symposia.
He is also currently engaged in social and cultural anthropology and is completing a thesis entitled “Cultural and Cognitive Ways to Happiness”, with the idea to improve the mood of patients by positive emotions.