Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care was launched in 1998. It is one of a successful series of review journals whose unique format is designed to provide a systematic and critical assessment of the literature as presented in the many primary journals. The fields of clinical nutrition and metabolic care are divided into 13 sections that are reviewed once a year. Each section is assigned a Section Editor, a leading authority in the area, who identifies the most important topics at that time. Here we are pleased to introduce the Section Editors for this issue.
Wim H.M. Saris
Dr Wim H.M. Saris trained at the University of Wageningen and the Radboud University in Nijmegen, and is Professor of Human Nutrition at the Health, Medicine and Life Science Faculty of the University of Maastricht in Maastricht, The Netherlands. He is also Corporate Scientist at DSM in Delft. He obtained his degree in human nutrition in 1972, his MD degree in 1978, and in 1982 received his PhD in medicine at the Radboud University Department of Physiology, on the topic of aerobic power and physical fitness in children. Thereafter he started as associate professor in the Department of Human Biology of the Health Science Faculty at the University of Maastricht, was appointed as full professor in 1986, and served from 1991 to 2005 as scientific director of the Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute (NUTRIM).
Dr Saris' research program on energy and substrate metabolism spans two decades, and is related to the different aspects in health and disease, with particular regard to muscle, adipose tissue and the gut. Energy and substrate metabolism during exercise focuses particularly on the role of nutrition to improve performance in athletes. Most of his work on diseases in the last 10 years is related to obesity and diabetes: partly molecular mechanisms, in particular experimentally studied in humans, and partly how nutrition and exercise can improve the disease status.
He has served as either coordinator or partner for several European research consortia in framework 4th, 5 and 6, including CARMEN, FATLINK, FeMMES, and NUGENOB. He currently coordinates the large scale 6th framework EU program on Diet Obesity and Genes (DiOGenes). He has previously served, is still active, as president, chairmen or member in several national and international societies and committees on nutritional and/or exercise physiology; these include the Dutch Health Council and the EU Scientific advisory Committee on Food (SCF) of the Commission in Brussels (now the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)). He has published over 350 articles in peer-reviewed articles in a large variety of journals.
Steven B. Heymsfield
Dr Heymsfield MD is Executive Director of Clinical Sciences, at Merck & Co. In this capacity, he leads clinical obesity drug development in the company's Metabolism group, as part of Merck Research Laboratories. Dr Heymsfield also maintains an appointment at Columbia University, and continues his research there on a limited basis.
Dr Heymsfield received his degree in medicine from Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York. He completed his medical internship and residency at Emory University in Atlanta, and became a Fellow in Medicine, prior to his appointments at Columbia University in 1986.
Dr Heymsfield has published more than 400 articles covering topics such as obesity, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, malnutrition, pregnancy, body composition and caloric expenditure. In addition to his strong interest in biological method development, Dr Heymsfield maintained an active clinical obesity research program while at Columbia. The group has published widely on obesity treatment options, including the first human reports of the newly discovered hormones leptin and ciliary neurotrophic factor (i.e., axokine).
Organisations that have bestowed the title of Honorary Member on Dr Heymsfield include: The American Dietetic Association, the Chilean Clinical Nutrition Association, the Latin American and Argentine Medical Association and the New York Dietetic Association. Additional honors include the Horowitz Alumni Award, Mount Sinai School of Medicine; Burroughs-Welcome Scholar in Basic Science; Rhoads Award, American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition; TOPS Award, NAASO; 2004 (New York City) Mayor's Award for Excellence in Science and Technology; GB Forbes Memorial Lecture, International Society of Body Composition Research; and the Daniel Rudman Lecture, Medical College of Wisconsin.
Dr Heymsfield is a former president of the American Society of Clinical Nutrition and of the American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. Dr Heymsfield serves on national and international committees, and has co-authored Institute of Medicine and National Academy of Science reports, including several related to body composition and obesity in the military.
Hans K. Biesalski
Prof Dr med Biesalski is currently heading the Department of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition at the University of Hohenheim in Stuttgart, Germany. After studying Physics at the University of Mainz (1971–1974), he was appointed as a research assistant at the Department of Physiology in 1979, and graduated in 1981with an MD thesis entitled “Progressive hearing disorders in childhood”. After several years' activity as an assistant professor, he obtained his habilitation in 1987 with the thesis “Vitamin A and inner ear: Development and application of biochemical and electrophysiological studies”. He was appointed an associate professor in 1993, then full C4-professor in his current department at the University of Hohenheim.
Prof Dr Biesalski has 20 years' experience in research on retinoids and their actions on cellular growth and differentiation, vitamin A and human health, especially lung diseases. Since 1993, his research activities have concentrated on antioxidants, and reactive oxygen species and their role in human nutrition. He holds several patents, and founded a biotech company (BioTeSys GmbH) in Esslingen, Germany, in 2000, which develops cell and organ culture models to test biological compounds, and also carries out clinical studies.
Prof Dr Biesalski is a member of the executive boards and scientific advisory boards of most important German health societies and academies, and a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the US Pharmacopoeia. He is also on the boards of several scientific journals, and a member of various international societies and vitamin consultative groups.
He has edited various books related to nutritional medicine, clinical nutrition and ageing, and has published numerous papers in the most prestigious scientific journals – some of which he peer-reviews as well. He has chaired several international conferences (including the WHO Conference on Nutrition and Cancer in 1997 and the First Congress Nutrition Teams) and has given many lectures at congresses and symposia.
Henry C. Lukaski
Dr Lukaski is the Assistant Center Director and Supervisory Research Physiologist at the United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Human Nutrition Research Center in Grand Forks, ND. He is also Clinical Professor in the Department of Medicine, Adjunct Professor in the Department of Physical Education and Exercise Science, and a member of the Sports Medicine Advisory Committee and Research Council, at the University of North Dakota.
Dr Lukaski studies the interaction of physical activity and mineral intakes in humans – particularly iron, zinc, copper, magnesium, and chromium – to promote health and optimal physiological function/performance throughout life. His work also includes development and validation of noninvasive methods to assess human body composition. He has published numerous technical publications in prestigious, peer-reviewed scientific journals, book chapters, one book, invited editorials, professional policy statements for the American College of Sports Medicine, and presented invited lectures at universities, research institutes, and scientific and professional societies worldwide.
Dr Lukaski is a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine, the Human Biology Council and the Nutrition Society of Central America. He is a member of the American Physiological Society, American Society of Nutrition, American Society for Clinical Nutrition, Endocrine Society, New York Academy of Sciences, Sigma Xi, and Phi Kappa Phi, and a Charter Member of the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Metabolism and Physical Activity.
Dr Lukaski serves as a member of the Editorial Boards of Current Nutrition Reviews, the International Journal of Applied Sports Science, Nutrition and CRC Series on Nutrition in Exercise and Sport; he is also an editorial consultant for a variety of peer-reviewed journals in physiology, nutrition, medicine and sport sciences. He is was formerly an associate editor of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, and a member of the Editorial Boards of the International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Journal of Nutrition. Dr Lukaski has served on many national and international health agencies and research organizations – including the National Academy of Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Food and Drug Administration, Department of Defense, National Aeronautic and Space Administration, Pan American Health Organization, the World Health Organization, and the International and US Olympic Committees – and continues to advise and contribute to as a consultant.
As an NIH pre-doctoral trainee, Dr Lukaski received MSc and doctoral degrees in physiology and nutrition from the Pennsylvania State University, and was a visiting scientist at the Brookhaven National Laboratory.
Prof Labadarios is currently Professor of Human Nutrition at the Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, and the Tygerberg Academic Hospital, South Africa. Prof Labadarios has developed and currently holds the directorships of the African Micronutrient Research Group, the Nutrition Support Team of the Tygerberg Academic Hospital, and the Nutrition Information Centre at the University of Stellenbosch (NICUS). He has authored and coauthored more than 250 scientific publications.
Prof Labadarios completed his studies (BSc Hons and PhD) in nutrition at the University of Surrey, Guildford, England, and his medical studies (MB and ChB) at the University of Stellenbosch. He has been awarded the Poliomyelitis Research Prize, the WF Rabe Award for exceptional achievement in Medicine, the FD du Toit van Zijl Research Medallion of the University of Stellenbosch, and the Albert Strating prize for Preventive Medicine of the South African Academy of Science and Arts.
Prof Labadarios is an elected Fellow of the American College of Nutrition, Professor Extraordinaire at the University of the Limpopo, Prof Labadarios is currently the President-elect of the South African Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (SASPEN); he is also the elected President of the Information Technology for the Advancement of Nutrition in Africa (ITANA) – a scientific society that aims to establish networks among African nutrition professionals. He is also Editor of the South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the African Editor of Nutrition: The International Journal of Nutritional Sciences and the Co-editor of the micronutrient section of Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care.
Natalie M. Delzenne
Nathalie Delzenne is a professor at the School of Pharmacy, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium. She is a lecturer in nutrition and biochemistry, and is the leader of the research group in Experimental Nutrition in the Unit of Pharmacokinetics, Metabolism, Nutrition and Toxicology. She is involved in international scientific committee: Editor of the British Journal of Nutrition and publications of the Nutrition Society, a member of the Scientific Board of the European Academy of Nutritional Science, and a member of the Scientific Councils of several food companies including Orafti, Danone Belgium, and Alpro Soja.
After obtaining her PhD in Pharmaceutical sciences in 1991, and gaining a postdoctoral certificate in nutrition in Lausanne, Switzerland, she performed postdoctoral research in Paris (Inserm Unit 342), analysing the effect of nutrients on gene expression in the field of obesity. She began her academic back at the Université Catholique de Louvain, and has been involved in the experimental approach allowing to assess the functional effect of prebiotic-type nutrients, as well as several International European Projects devoted to functional food (AIRII-CT94-1095; FAIR CT 97 3001; BIO4-CT97- 2145; GLK-2000–0086; grant from international Life Sciences Institute in 1998). By working with inulin-type fructans as model prebiotics, her group has published papers showing their effect on lipid metabolism and obesity-related disorder and inflammation. The current hypothesis is the involvement of intestinal peptides in the modulation of food intake and glucose metabolism by dietary fructans.