PAEDIATRICS: Edited by Berthold Koletzko and Raanan ShamirPediatric screening tools for malnutrition: an updateHulst, Jessie M.a; Huysentruyt, Koena,b; Joosten, Koen F.cAuthor Information aDepartment of Paediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada bDepartment of Pediatrics, Paediatric Gastroenterology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, Brussels, Belgium cDepartment of Pediatrics, Pediatric Intensive Care, Erasmus MC- Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, the Netherlands Correspondence to Jessie M. Hulst, The Hospital for Sick Children, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Room 8260, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 1X8. ext 203656. Tel: +1 416 813-7654; e-mail: email@example.com Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care: May 2020 - Volume 23 - Issue 3 - p 203-209 doi: 10.1097/MCO.0000000000000644 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review There is ongoing interest in nutritional screening tools in pediatrics to facilitate the identification of children at risk for malnutrition who need further assessment and possible nutritional intervention. The choice for a specific tool depends on various factors. This review aims to provide an overview of recent progress in pediatric nutritional screening methods. Recent findings We present recent studies about newly developed or adjusted tools, the applicability of nutritional screening tools in specific populations, and how to implement screening in the overall process of improving nutritional care in the pediatric hospital setting. Summary Three new screening tools have been developed for use on admission to hospital: two for the mixed pediatric hospitalized population and one for infants. A simple weekly rescreening tool to identify hospital-acquired nutritional deterioration was developed for use in children with prolonged hospital stay. Different from most previous studies that only assessed the relationship between the nutritional risk score and anthropometric parameters of malnutrition, new studies in children with cancer, burns, and biliary atresia show significant associations between high nutritional risk and short-term outcome measures such as increased complication rate and weight loss. For implementation of a nutritional care process incorporating nutritional screening in daily practice, simplicity seems to be of great importance. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.