NUTRITION AND THE INTENSIVE CARE UNIT: Edited by Peter J.M. Weijs and Stephen A. McClaveNutritional needs for the critically ill in relation to inflammationSundström Rehal, Martin; Tjäder, Inga; Wernerman, JanAuthor Information Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge and Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden Correspondence to Jan Wernerman, MD, PhD, Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, K32, Karolinska Huddinge, 141 86 Stockholm, Sweden. E-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care: March 2016 - Volume 19 - Issue 2 - p 138-143 doi: 10.1097/MCO.0000000000000260 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review This review focuses on nutritional needs in critically ill patients. The inflammation corresponding to acute stress is highlighted. Simultaneously, we try to avoid limiting the perspective to only the acute phase. Recent findings During the last year, a number of important studies on nutritional needs in the critically ill have been published, including large randomized controlled trials. In particular studies addressing the needs for energy and proteins in the critically ill have imparted new knowledge in this field. However, there are few studies concerning the rehabilitation phase after critical illness. Summary Although the recent findings and publications contribute to a more nuanced understanding of nutrition during critical illness, the implications for clinical practice are not in discord with the current recommendations of guidelines. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.