Practical aspects of peripheral parenteral nutritionCulebras, Jesus Ma; Martin-Peña, Gonzalob; Garcia-de-Lorenzo, Abelardoc; Zarazaga, Antonioc; Rodriguez-Montes, Jose AntoniocCurrent Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care: May 2004 - Volume 7 - Issue 3 - p 303-307 Pharmaceutical aspects, devices and techniques Abstract Author Information Purpose of review The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the advantages and disadvantages of using peripheral parenteral nutrition, including the techniques, indications and results. Recent findings The new catheters, together with a better knowledge of intermediate metabolism, permit the use of peripheral parenteral nutrition in many clinical situations during short periods of time. Summary Peripheral parenteral nutrition is an alternative to total parenteral nutrition, and is a complement to enteral nutrition and the oral route. Progress in catheter design and materials, infusion techniques and an improved knowledge of the optimal nutriments has made peripheral parenteral nutrition a safe, efficient and useful method to treat patients over certain periods of time. aHospital de Leon, PO Box 1351, 24080 Leon, Spain; bUniversidad San Pablo CEU, Madrid, Spain; and cAutonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain Correspondence to Jesus M. Culebras, Hospital de Leon, PO Box 1351, 24080 Leon, Spain Tel: +34 987264497; fax: +34 987264336; e-mail: email@example.com © 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.