ARRHYTHMIAS: Edited by Wilber W. SuCybersecurity threats to cardiac implantable devices: room for improvementTomaiko, Emrie; Zawaneh, Michael S.Author Information Banner University Medical Center Phoenix, Phoenix, Arizona, USA Correspondence to Michael S. Zawaneh, 755 East McDowell Road, Phoenix, AZ 85006, USA. Tel: +1 601 521 3155; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Cardiology: January 2021 - Volume 36 - Issue 1 - p 1-4 doi: 10.1097/HCO.0000000000000815 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review For over a decade, vulnerabilities in the healthcare industry have been identified. Medical devices such as cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) are particularly concerning because of direct threats to patient safety and protected health information (PHI). Although these vulnerabilities have been identified and changes have been made, there is significant room for improvement. We identify changes and improvements to be made in the industry, by providers, and by patients. Recent findings Cybersecurity threats in cardiac implantable devices are legitimate concerns for patient safety and PHI. Changes to cybersecurity in these devices have been made, but are far from sufficient. Summary The number of CIEDs implanted worldwide are expected to increase over the next decade. As computer technology advances, cybersecurity threats will only continue to evolve and become more complex. The healthcare industry should seriously consider improvements to protect patients and providers. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.