The prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increasing to epidemic proportions and current management centred on treatment with drugs is not enough to stop this pandemic. CVD prevention is of paramount importance. In this context, diet and behavioural intervention programs are the first step and have the advantage of lesser cost and side effects than pharmacological approaches. In this review, we will examine the most recent evidence related to dietary prevention of CVD risk.
Healthy dietary patterns such as the dietary approaches to stop hypertension, the vegetarian, the low-fat high carbohydrates and mainly the Mediterranean diet have substantial evidence to be recommended for CVD prevention.
The evidence in this area needs to be adequately communicated to health professionals and the general public. Diet is the cornerstone of CVD prevention as well as overall health promotion.
aLipids and Atherosclerosis Research Unit, IMIBIC/Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía/Universidad de Córdoba and Ciber Fisiopatologia Obesidad y Nutricion, Instituto Salud Carlos III, Córdoba, Spain
bJM-USDA-HNRCA at Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
cIMDEA IMDEA Food Institute, CEI UAM + CSIC, Madrid, Spain
Correspondence to Pablo Perez-Martinez, Lipids and Atherosclerosis Research Unit, Reina Sofia University Hospital, Avda. Menéndez Pidal, s/n. 14004 Córdoba, Spain. Tel: +34 957010947; fax: +34 957218250; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org