PREVENTION: Edited by Andrew PipeSleep important considerations for the prevention of cardiovascular diseaseGrandner, Michael A.; Alfonso-Miller, Pamela; Fernandez-Mendoza, Julio; Shetty, Safal; Shenoy, Sundeep; Combs, DanielAuthor Information aSleep and Health Research Program, Department of Psychiatry bSarver Heart Center cDepartment of Medicine, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona dSleep Research & Treatment Center, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA Correspondence to Michael A. Grandner, PhD, MTR, Department of Psychiatry, University of Arizona College of Medicine, 1501N Campbell Ave, Suite 8326, PO Box 245002, Tucson, AZ 85724-5002, USA. Tel: +1 520 626 6346; e-mail: [email protected] Current Opinion in Cardiology: September 2016 - Volume 31 - Issue 5 - p 551-565 doi: 10.1097/HCO.0000000000000324 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose of review Sleep plays many roles in maintenance of cardiovascular health. This review summarizes the literature across several areas of sleep and sleep disorders in relation to cardiometabolic disease risk factors. Recent findings Insufficient sleep duration is prevalent in the population and is associated with weight gain and obesity, inflammation, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and mortality. Insomnia is also highly present and represents an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, especially when accompanied by short sleep duration. Sleep apnea is a well-characterized risk factor for cardiometabolic disease and cardiovascular mortality. Other issues are relevant as well. For example, sleep disorders in pediatric populations may convey cardiovascular risks. Also, sleep may play an important role in cardiovascular health disparities. Summary Sleep and sleep disorders are implicated in cardiometabolic disease risk. This review addresses these and other issues, concluding with recommendations for research and clinical practice. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.